Schizophrenia – Symptoms, Facts on Causes and Treatment

Schizophrenia – Symptoms, Facts on Causes and Treatment

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schizophrenia

“Why did it have to be her? One with hallucinations & delusions to me each moment seemed endless, as she sunk into the deep abyss hopeless. I would lose anything in the world, if only I could get her back into my world!”

This is the feeling echoed by many of you, whose loved one is suffering from schizophrenia. You can rebuild their life, for you are their strength & courage! This article is dedicated especially for you to know more about schizophrenia.

What is Schizophrenia?

It is a neurological brain disorder, which causes a severe disturbance of the bran’s functioning. This disturbance is caused by.

  • Changes in the chemistry of the brain
  • Changes in the structure of the brain
  • Genetic factors

Who is affected?

Schizophrenia affects people irrespective of culture, races & social classes. At any given time, around one percent of the world’s population is affected by schizophrenia. It can affect any one, at any age but usually strikes young men of 16-20 years & women between 20-30 years.

How does it affect the person and families?

The disorder has a tremendous physical & psychological impact on the person as well as the families.

  • Many individuals are not able to work or continue their education
  • They often suffer from loneliness, isolation, and low self-esteem they even have suicidal tendencies.
  • The families and individuals go through immense pain, grief and loss & a feeling of hopelessness.
  • Many families face the emotional social and economical challenges of care giving for their loved ones.

What are some of the major symptoms?

Schizophrenia interferes with a person’s ability to think clearly, manage emotions & relate to others. Some specific symptoms are.

  • Hallucinations such as hearing voices.
  • Delusions such as false beliefs.
  • Distorted thought process
  • Social and emotional withdrawal
  • Passivity and lack of motivation
  • Inappropriate or blunted emotional expression
  • Irritable, some times violent behavior

What are the treatment options?

Schizophrenia can be successfully treated, however there is no cure for the disease as yet. Early diagnosis & continuous use of antipsychotic medication combined with the therapy and psychosocial rehabilitation programs can reduce relapse & long-term disabilities.
Some myths and misconceptions about schizophrenia

  • Schizophrenia is a “Split personality”
  • Schizophrenia is caused by bad parenting or childhood trauma
  • People with Schizophrenia commit more violent crimes than others
  • Street drugs cause Schizophrenia
  • Schizophrenia is a life long, untreatable illness.

by Prof.Puja.M (Child care & Nutrition)

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