Jamu, Indonesian traditional herbal drink, is one of the most prominent alternative medicines in Indonesia. It originated some 1,300 years ago in the Mataram Kingdom in Central Java, and it is heavily influenced by Ayurveda, a system of Hindu traditional medicine.
Many Jamu are bright orange in color, while others are green or even black, depending on the ingredients. A Jamu blend may be prepared from any combination of herbs used, giving it hundreds of variations. With centuries of practices, specific kind of Jamu can be made for specific purpose, from common health issue like masuk angin to serious illness like diabetes and cholesterol.
Until today, most traditional Jamu drinks are made with traditional techniques by grinding the ingredients and pestle-pummeling, with the recipes passed down generations upon generations. Generally, Jamu ingredients are roots and spices like turmeric, ginger, or tamarind that you can easily find in traditional market as bumbu dapur (kitchen spices). However, there are also specific ingredients used in certain types of Jamu such as noni (mengkudu), cabe puyang (long pepper), temulawak (curcuma), and many more. These ingredients are excellent sources of enzymes, coupled with strong anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant and antiseptic properties.
Although it’s very easy to find fresh or packed Jamu in Indonesia, making it from scratch can be so exciting. Here we share to you the easy Jamu recipes that you can try at home:
Jamu Kunyit Asam (Turmeric and Tamarind Jamu)
This Jamu is especially good for young ladies to facilitate menstruation and cool the body.
- 100 gram tamarind
- 100 gram turmeric
- 20 gram ginger
- 1 liter spring water
- 100 gram raw sugar (optional)
- 100 gram palm sugar (optional)
- 1tbsp lime/lemon juice (optional)
- Finely grate or dice turmeric, tamarind, and ginger roots.
- Blend the grated turmeric, tamarind, ginger roots and spring water using electric blender.
- Pour the mixture into a pot and simmer for 10 minutes over low heat.
- Add in sugars at this stage.
- Remove Jamu from the heat, strain and press using a clean musln cloth.
- Pour into bottles or glass jars, and drink immediately. You can add lemon or lime juice for an added kick.
This Jamu drink can be refrigerated for up to one week. The sugar in this recipe is only added to taste, so you can skip it or substitute it with honey for a healthier version.
Jamu Kudu Laos (Noni and Galangal Jamu)
The main ingredient of this Jamu is Mengkudu (also known as Noni or Indian mulberry). Jamu Kudu Laos helps to lower blood pressure, improve blood circulation, increase appetite and warms the body.
- 100 gram ripe Noni fruit
- 20 gram Galangal (lengkuas)
- 100 gram tamarind
- A pinch of black pepper
- A clove of garlic
- Kedawung seeds (tree bean)
- Half a lemon
- Fermented cassava or Tapai Singkong (optional)
- 100 gram brown sugar (optional, can be substituted with raw honey)
- 1 liter spring water
- A pinch of salt
- Finely grate the galangal and tamarind.
- Use mortar and pestle to pummel the Noni fruit, garlic clove and kedawung seeds into a fine paste consistency.
- Add water to a pot and add the grated galangal, tamarind, and Noni paste. Simmer on a low heat.
- Add in sugar, lemon juice, fermented cassava, pepper and salt. Bring the liquid to boil or until desired concentration.
- Strain and press the Jamu using a muslin cloth.
- Pour the potion into a glass or bottle and drink immediately.
Jamu Beras Kencur
This Jamu is a very common type of traditional Jamu. Usually parents encourage their children to drink this Jamu to increase their appetite and energy. For adults, Jamu Beras Kencur is good for maintaining stamina and immunity.
- 200 grams rice
- 25 gram ginger
- 30 gram Kencur (Kaempferia galangal)
- 250 gram sugar (optional)
- 1tbsp lime juice
- 25 gram tamarind
- 2 pandan leaves
- 20 gram turmeric
- A pinch of salt
- 500 ml spring water.
- Soak rice in clean water for 3 hours.
- Blend ginger, sugar, tamarind, turmeric, kencur, and soaked rice using electric blender until soft.
- Pour the mixture into a pot. Add water, and simmer for 10 minutes.
- Remove from the heat, and strain the potion using a clean muslin cloth. Add lime juice, mix well.
- Jamu Beras Kencur is ready. You can serve it warm or chilled.
Jamu Cabe Puyang
Jamu Cabe Puyang is good to alleviate the lower back pain, sore muscles, cramps, and improve the production of red blood cells.
- 300 gram Temulawak (curcuma)
- 8 pieces cabe puyang (long pepper)
- 300 gram Temu Ireng (black curcuma)
- 400 gram turmeric
- 1 piece Noni
- 1 tbsp Fennel leaf (daun adas)
- ¼ teaspoon pepper
- 1 tbsp Kedawung seeds
- 1 ripe tamarind
- 1 tbsp Temu Kunci (finger root)
- 1 liter spring water
- Palm sugar to taste
- Crush all the ingredients (except sugar) using electric blender.
- Bring spring water to boil, add in crushed ingredients. Simmer for 10 minutes, or until desired consistency.
- Remove from the heat, and strain Jamu using clean cloth. Add palm sugar (optional), mix well.
- Jamu Cabe Puyang is ready to serve.
Jamu Sehat Wanita Pahitan
This Jamu is good for young ladies and women to heal yeast infection, relieve menstrual pain, and alleviate cold and fever. As the name implies, this Jamu is very bitter!
- 300 gram dried Sambiloto (bitter leaf or green chiretta)
- 2 liters spring water.
- Boil water and dried Sambiloto leaves until the water is reduced. Remove from the heat
- Strain Jamu using clean cloth. Jamu Sehat Wanita Pahitan is ready to serve.
Jamu Galian Singset is known to tighten the body for women who just gave birth. Otherwise, it is also effective for weight loss.
- 30 g fingerroot, crushed
- 20 g kencur, thinly sliced
- 20 g temu giring, thinly sliced
- 30 g ginger, thinly sliced
- 250 ml water
- ½ white pomegranate, thinly sliced
- 8 betel leaves, thinly sliced
- 2 pieces of pandan leaves, thinly sliced
- 1 stem akar pinang
- 2 stem lemongrass
- 150 g tamarind
- 100 g rock sugar
- ¾ tsp salt
- 3 tsp turmeric
- ¼ tsp pepper
- ½ tsp powdered fennel
- ½ tsp powdered black cumin
- ½ tsp powdered kedawung
- 1300 ml water
- 2 pieces of yellow lime
- some honey
- Puree ingredient 1 batch using a blender or mash until smooth with 250 ml water.
- Strain the batch and take the essence, putting it inside a pot.
- Mix ingredient 1, 2 and 3 into the pot, then add a little water.
- Boil over low heat until it boils and until it becomes 1000 ml.
- Warm and strain, putting it inside a bottle (jamu can last up to 5 days in the refrigerator).
- Serve warm or cold by adding orange juice and honey.
Source: UMKM online
Sinom can be drunk to increase appetite, overcome inflammation of the stomach or ulcers and overcome vaginal discharge problems in women.
- 1/4 kg young tamarind leaves
- 100 g tamarind, mashed
- 150 gr turmeric, peeled and mashed
- 250 gr brown sugar, roughly chopped
- 1 Tbsp salt
- some water, to boil
- some ice
- Pick the tamarind leaves and remove the stalk
- Wash off the leaves and boil together with the tamarind fruit, turmeric, brown sugar, and fine salt.
- Mix well. Then, wait for it to boil and fully cooked.
- Strain sinom concoction and let it cool.
- Pour the jamu into a serving glass and add ice cubes.
- The sinom is ready!
Pahitan is good for overcoming aches, increase appetite and preventing the risk of diabetes. Fans of this bitter herbal medicine is mostly parents, but many young people also drink it to clear their acne.
- 300 gram Sambiloto leaves
- 0,5 ounces Brotowali
- 3 ounces(15 stalk) lemongrass
- 2 ounces Laos leaves
- 1 ounce pulai tree skin
- 3 ounces Sambiloto leaves (30 trees)
- 2 ounces Meniran leaves (15 trees)
- 2 ounces Lempuyang
- 4 ounces temulawak
- 3 pieces temu ireng
- Clean all of the ingredients.
- After cleaning all of the ingredients, cut everything up into small pieces to make the process easier.
- Put all of the ingredients inside a pot and boil.
- Wait for the boiled water that has been mixed with the ingredients above until it is rather blackish in color and gives off a bitter fragrance. When it changes color and emits the aroma, strain the mixture with a fine cloth filter.
- Strain the boiled water and put it in the bottle or glass that has been provided. Pahitan Jamu is ready to be drunk.
In addition to increasing the efficacy of breast milk, uyup-uyup is also believed to eliminate unpleasant body odor to both mother and baby. Other than that, it can also overcome bloating.
- 2-3 cm temulawak
3 medium kencur root
5 cm turmeric
1 small package of tamarind
1 Tbsp palm sugar / brown sugar
1 glass hot water
- Peel turmeric, kencur, and temulawak until clean.
- Wash all of the ingredients and slice it thinly.
- Mix all ingredients into a glass, then brew with hot water, stir well.
- Wait until it cools, then drink regularly.