How-does-Fasting-Affect-Body-Metabolism-Fasting-on-Metabolism

Fasting is an act of abstaining from eating or drinking during the day. During religious occasions, fasting is used as form of prayer to celebrate that particular occasion. In Islam, fasting is used by Muslims to honor the holy month of Ramadan. The reason behind this practice is that it is viewed as a method of worship and sometimes may also be followed to aid in weight loss.

But how does it affect the condition of the body? Fasting can be seen as depriving the body of valuable vitamins and nutrition. On the contrary, research finds that fasting is beneficial to the state of health. Fasting for spiritual reasons is very different from dieting.

First, fasting can decrease insulin levels. This is particularly important for diabetes sufferers who can emulate this lifestyle in order to maintain their blood sugar and stay healthy. The decrease of insulin levels meant that the liver was producing more stored insulin in the body. As a result, a person’s metabolic rate will likely increase.

Second, the use of stored energy also triggers the hormone norepinephrine, which is responsible for creating a weight-loss effect on the individual.

Third, the human growth hormone is also triggered due to fasting. Other than loss of fat, this hormone also helps maintain muscle mass.

The combination of all of these three hormonal reactions result in decrease of weight. As a result, many have reported weight-loss because of their fasting routine.

More about keto diet here >>

Despite the benefits of fasting, too much of a good thing is bad. Prolonged fasting period more than the recommended time could result in a lower calorie intake and slower metabolism. Therefore, it is recommended that people who fast should be very careful for the duration of the fasting and try to eat at the right time.

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For history buffs Jakarta offers a number of interesting museums that can give an insight into the past of this city as well as of the Indonesian archipelago. Several of the museums that specialize in particular topics can provide enjoyable family outings.

When visiting museums in Jakarta, however, you should not expect to find the same standards as in well developed countries. In general Indonesian museums do not display items in a very imaginative and attractive way and have few explanatory notices to assist visitors to gain an understanding of the artifacts they are seeing.

If there are any explanations in English, the standard of translation is often so poor as to make the reader amused or bewildered. In spite of this, many of the museums are still worth visiting due to the priceless relics and fascinating items on display.

For this reason it is highly recommended to visit the museums with a guide or someone who can give you a full explanation. Volunteers from the Indonesian Heritage Society provide free guided tours of Jakarta’s foremost museum the Museum Nasional or National Museum. The tours are conducted in several languages with tours in English being given at 10.30 a.m. on Tuesdays and Thursdays as well as every second Sunday and the last Saturday of the month.

Regular tours are also given in French, German, Japanese and Korean and may also be given on request in several other languages. Additional days and times or individual tours can be arranged for groups including embassies, companies and schools.

The Indonesian Heritage Society is a multinational volunteer organization dedicated to the study and appreciation of Indonesian culture, art, history and nature. In addition to providing tours of the National Museum the Heritage Society’s members are active in a wide variety of behind-the-scenes work at the museum such as assisting with the cataloguing of collections, translating records and providing language instruction to staff.

The Indonesian Heritage Society organizes a series of evening lectures twice a year as well as study groups and explorer groups. Members are able to access the extensive collection of books in the IHS Library. The Indonesian Heritage Society has also published an authoritative guide to Jakarta’s historical sites and museums, The Jakarta Explorer, which is an excellent reference book for learning more about the city and its museums. Further information on the Indonesian Heritage Society is available on its website.

Museum Nasional (The National Museum)

Hours:
8.00-16.00 Tue – Fri
8.00-17.00 Sat & Sun
Jl. Medan Merdeka Barat No. 12
Gambir, Special Capital Region of Jakarta 10110
Phone: 021 386 8172
Website: www.museumnasional.or.id

The National Museum houses a large collection of Indonesian antiquities with more than 100,000 items, including prehistoric artifacts, ethnographic objects, stone sculptures, bronzes, ceramics, textiles and a collection of historical maps, etc.

There are also two treasure rooms where a stunning collection of gold objects and delicate metalwork is displayed. The museum building is often referred to as Gedung Gajah (Elephant Building) because of the bronze statue of an elephant in front of the entrance. An extension to the original building was built several years ago.

Museum Sejarah Jakarta (Jakarta History Museum)

Hours: 8.00-17.00 Tue – Sun
Jl. Taman Fatahillah No. 1
Kota Tua, Pinangsia, Tamansari, Special Capital Region of Jakarta 11110
Phone: 021 692 9101, 021 690 1483
Email: [email protected]

There are three museums situated close to each other at Taman Fatahillah square in the old part of the city. The Museum Sejarah Jakarta or Jakarta History Museum is located on the south side of the square in the Stadhuis, or City Hall, of old Batavia, which is one of the finest remaining buildings from the Dutch colonial era.

The upper floor of the building displays many fine examples of colonial furniture while the ground floor depicts the historical development of Jakarta from prehistoric relics, through the colonial era, to items from the recent past.

Balai Seni Rupa dan Keramik (Fine Arts and Ceramics Museum)

Hours: 8.00-15.00, Tue – Sun
Jl. Pos Kota No. 2
RT 9/RW 2, Special Capital Region of Jakarta 11110
Phone: 021 690 7062, 021 692 6090

On the east side of Taman Fatahillah square is the Balai Seni Rupa dan Keramik (Fine Arts and Ceramics Museum) where a permanent exhibition of Indonesian paintings, sculptures and ceramics is housed in a Greek classical style building which formerly served as the Council of Justice in Dutch colonial times.

Museum Wayang (Puppet Museum)

Hours: 9.00-17.00, Tue – Sun
Jl. Pintu Besar Utara No. 27
Pinangsia, Tamansari, Special Capital Region of 11110
Phone: 021 692 9560

A museum dedicated to puppetry, the Museum Wayang, is located on the west side of the square. Wayang or puppetry is one of Indonesia’s best known cultural traditions. Hand carved leather and wooden puppets and paraphernalia from across the archipelago have been brought together in an extensive collection. Wayang performances are held on the second and third Sundays of the month at 10.00 a.m. at the museum.

Museum Bahari (Maritime Museum)

Hours: 9.00 -15.00, Tue – Sun
Jl. Pasar Ikan No. 1
Penjaringan, Special Capital Region of Jakarta 10120
Phone: 021 669 3406

Not far to the north of Taman Fatahillah square is Sunda Kelapa harbor where you can see the traditional inter-island sailing ships called phinisi, and Pasar Ikan or the Fish Market where not only fish is sold, but also all manner of fascinating items, including seashells, curios and nautical equipment. Along side the market is the Museum Bahari or Maritime Museum which occupies former 17th century warehouses originally built to store spices and other trade items.

The restored buildings now house a collection of original and scale model boats, navigational charts and nautical equipment, seashells, historical photographs and paintings, and other maritime memorabilia. Nearby stands the Lookout Tower, Menara Syahbandar, a three-storey lookout tower that provides an excellent view of what remains of old Batavia, and is the only remaining part of the old city wall built by Dutch traders centuries ago.

Museum Tekstil (Textile Museum)

Hours: 9.00 -15.00, Tue – Sun
Jl. K.S. Tubun Raya No. 2 – 4
RT 4/RW 2, Kota Bambu Sel., Palmerah, Special Capital Region of Jakarta 11420
Phone: 021 560 6613

The Textile Museum or Museum Tekstil, in West Jakarta was built in the 19th century as the home of a Frenchman and now houses a large collection of textiles and garments demonstrating the highly varied techniques employed by traditional craftswomen throughout the Indonesian archipelago. Indonesia’s hand made textiles are among the most sophisticated in the world.

Museum Taman Prasasti (Memorial Stones Park Museum)

Hours: 9.00 – 15.00, Tue – Sun
Jl. Tanah Abang I No.1, RT 11/RW 8
Gambir, Special Capital Region of Jakarta 10160
Phone: 021 385 4060
Info (Indonesian): https://www.museumindonesia.com/museum/3/1/Museum_Taman_Prasasti_Jakarta_Pusat

Not far from the Textile Museum is the Park of Memorial Stones or Taman Prasasti. This 1.2 hectare park contains an interesting collection of tombstones and memorials dating back to the year 1690, many of which were transferred to this site from churches and churchyards that have since been demolished as well as from private properties.

Some of the stones commemorate well known figures such as Olivia Raffles, wife of Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, who died in Batavia in 1814 at the age of 43. Within Taman Prasasti is a small museum on the topic of traditional methods of burial.

Museum Manggala Wanabakti (National Museum of Forestry)

Hours: 9.00-15.00, Mon – Fri
Gedung Manggala Wanabakti Blok VI
Jalan Gatot Subroto, Senayan, Jakarta 10270
Phone: 021 570 3246

In the complex of buildings of the Forestry Department, there is a small museum called Museum Manggala Wanabakti or the National Museum of Forestry. It contains educational exhibits on the history of forestry, as well as varieties of forests and their usefulness to mankind and importance to the world’s environment.

Museum Gedung Joang 45 (1945 Fight for Freedom Museum)

Hours: 9.00-15.00 Tue – Sun
(Closed 12:00-13:00 on Fri)
Jalan Menteng Raya No.31,
RT 1/RW 10, Kb. Sirih, Menteng, Special Capital Region of Jakarta 10340
Phone: 021 3909148

Another small museum is the Museum Gedung Joang 45 or 1945 Fight for Freedom Museum. This building, originally a luxurious hotel built in about 1820, was the site of historic events during the struggle for Indonesia’s independence that was eventually won on 17th August 1945. Photographs and memorabilia of national heroes and the independence struggle are displayed here.

Museum Satria Mandala (Armed Forces Museum)

Hours:
7.00-15.00, Mon – Fri
9.00-15.00, Sat – Sun
Jl. Gatot Subroto No. 16, RT 6/RW 1, Mampang Prapatan, Special Capital Region of 12710
Phone: 021 522 7946

The development of the Indonesian armed forces is displayed in Museum Satria Mandala or the Armed Forces Museum. The museum occupies a large mansion where Ratna Sari Dewi Soekarno, one of the wives of Indonesia’s first president, lived in the 1960s. Exhibits include weaponry, uniforms, and dioramas illustrating important events in the history of the armed forces. Equipment displayed in the grounds includes aircraft, tanks, missiles and cannons.

Museum Purna Bhakti Pertiwi (Service to the Motherland Museum)

Hours: 9.00-18.00, Mon- Sat
Jl. Taman Mini Indonesia Indah,
RT 1/RW 3, Pinang Ranti, Special Capital Region of Jakarta 13560
Phone: 021 840 1687, 021 87792078

Museum Purna Bhakti Pertiwi, which can be roughly translated as Service to the Motherland Museum, is a tumpeng (rice cone) shaped building full of symbolism that houses a collection of over 10,000 items most of which are treasures and memorabilia accumulated by the Soeharto family as well as gifts from many nations to the former president.

Taman Mini Indonesia Indah (TMII)

(Beautiful Indonesia in Miniature Park)
Hours: 7.00-22.00, everyday
Jl. Pinang Ranti
East Jakarta
Phone: 021 840 9270 (information), 021 87783530

You will also find seventeen museums located on the premises of Taman Mini Indonesia Indah. These museums specialize in a wide range of themes and include the following: Army Museum, Asmat Museum, Electricity & New Energy Museum, Fauna Museum, Heritage Museum, Information Museum, Insect Museum, Oil & Gas Museum, Science & Technology Center, Sports Museum, Stamp Museum, Telecommunications Museum and Transport Museum.

Museum Indonesia (Indonesia Museum)

Hours: 8.00 – 16.00, everyday
Jl. Taman Mini Indonesia Indah,
Ceger, Cipayung, Special Capital Region of Jakarta 13810
Phone: 021 840 9213, 021 840 9246,  021 877 93537

The main museum in the TMII is the Museum Indonesia (Indonesia Museum) which displays over 3,000 ethnographic artifacts and items from all of the regions of the country in a three-storey Balinese style building. There are displays of costumes, musical instruments, traditional household utensils and tools, model houses, textiles, jewelry, handicrafts, weapons and coins.

Museum Layang Layang Indonesia (Kite Museum of Indonesia)

Hours: 10.00-17.00 every day except
Jalan Haji Kamang No.38 RT 08/RW 10, Pd. Labu,
Cilandak, South Jakarta,
Special Capital Region of Jakarta 12450
Phone: 021 7590 4863, 021 765 8075

A small but fascinating privately owned museum is the Museum Layang-layang Indonesia, or the Kite Museum of Indonesia. Kite flying is a very popular pastime in Indonesia and a wide variety of traditional and modern kites from Indonesia and other countries is displayed at the museum.

Activities held at the museum include workshops in kite making and training for flying controllable kites, while the museum also acts as an information center for domestic and international kite events and other related activities. The primary objective of the museum is to preserve kite flying as a part of Indonesia’s cultural heritage.

 

There are also many other museums and galleries you are able to visit while you are strolling around Jakarta, here are the list:

Museums

In Central Jakarta 

Museum Sasmitaloka Jenderal Besar DR. A.H. Nasution (Sasmitaloka Museum of Great General DR. A.H. Nasution): Jl. Teuku Umar No.40, Special Capital Region of Jakarta 10350, operational hours: 08.00-16.00, on Tuesday – Sunday

Museum Katedral (Cathedral Museum): Jl. Katedral No.7B, Pasar Baru, Sawah Besar, Special Capital Region of Jakarta 10710, operational hours: 10.00 – 12.00 on Monday, Wednesday, Friday. Phone: (021) 345 7746

Museum Kebangkitan Nasional (Museum of National Resurgence): Jl. Abdul Rachman Saleh No. 26, RT 4/RW 5, Senen, Special Capital Region of Jakarta 10410, operational hours: 08.00 – 16.00 on Tuesday – Sunday, Phone: (021) 3847975

Museum Mohammad Hoesni Thamrin: Jl. Kenari II No.15, RW 4, Kenari, Senen, Special Capital Region of Jakarta 10430, operational hours: 09.00-15.00 on Tuesday – Sunday, Phone: (021) 3909148

Museum Perumusan Naskah Proklamasi (Museum of Proclamation Manuscript Formulation): Jalan Imam Bonjol No.1 RT 9/RW 4, Menteng, Special Capital Region of Jakarta 10310, operational hours: 08.00-16.00 on Tuesday – Sunday, Phone: (021) 3144743

Museum Sejarah Nasional (Museum of National History): Jalan Tugu Monas, RT 5/RW 2, Gambir, Special Capital Region of Jakarta 10110, operational hours: 08.00 – 16.00 on Tuesday – Sunday, Phone: (021) 3504333

Museum Sumpah Pemuda (Museum of Youth Pledge): Jalan Kramat Raya No. 106, Special Capital Region of Jakarta 10420, operational hours: 08.00 – 16.00 on Tuesday – Sunday, Phone: (021) 3103217

Museum Sasmita Loka Ahmad Yani: Jl. Lembang No.67, RT 11/RW 7, Menteng, Special Capital Region of Jakarta 10310, operational hours: 08.00 – 16.00 on Tuesday – Sunday

Bentara Budaya Jakarta (Jakarta Heralds of Culture): Jl. Palmerah Sel. No.17, RT 4/RW 2, Gelora, Tanah Abang, Special Capital Region of  Jakarta 10270, operational hours: 08.00 – 17.00 on Monday – Friday, Phone: 021 – 5483008 ext. 7910-13

In West Jakarta 

Museum Bank Indonesia (Bank of Indonesia Museum): Jl. Pintu Besar Utara No.3, RT 3/RW 6, Kota Tua, Pinangsia, Tamansari, Special Capital Region of Jakarta 11110, operational hours: 08.00 – 15.30 on Tuesday – Friday & 08.00 – 16.00 on Saturday – Sunday, Phone: 021 2600158

Museum Bank Mandiri (Bank of Mandiri Museum): Jl. Lapangan Stasiun No. 1, RT 3 / RW 6, Pinangsia, Tamansari, Special Capital Region of Jakarta 11110, operational hours: 9.00-15.00 on Tuesday – Sunday, Phone: 021-690 2000, 021 6923131

In South Jakarta 

Museum Basoeki Abdullah (Indonesian Painter):  Jl. Keuangan Raya No. 19, RT 7/RW 5, Cilandak Barat, Special Capital Region of Jakarta 12430, operational hours: 8.00 – 16.00 on Tuesday – Friday & 09.00 – 15.00 on Saturday – Sunday, Phone: 021 7698926

Museum Polri (Police Museum of Republic of Indonesia): Jl. Trunojoyo No.3, RT 5 / RW 2, Selong, Kebayoran Baru, Special Capital Region of Jakarta 12110, operational hours: 08.00 – 12.00 & 13.00 – 14.30, everyday, Phone: 021 7210654

Museum Reksa Artha (Museum of Indonesian Rupiahs Printing): Jl. Lebak Bulus No. 1, Cilandak, South Jakarta, operational hours: 08.00 – 18.00, everyday, Phone: 021 7395000

Museum di Tengah Kebun (In the Middle of Garden Museum): Jl. Kemang Timur Raya Nomor No. 66, RT 7/RW 3, Special Capital Region of Jakarta 12730, operational hours: 09.30 – 15.00 on Saturday – Sunday, Phone: (021) 7196907

In East Jakarta 

Museum Pengkhianatan PKI (Museum of Betrayal of Indonesian Communist Party): Jl. Raya Pondok Gede, RT 4/RW 12, Lubang Buaya, Cipayung, Special Capital Region of Jakarta 13810, operational hours: 10.00 – 16.00, everyday, Phone: (021) 8400423

Galleries

2Madison
Gedung Promenade 20
Jl. Bangka Raya No.20 Unit A-B
South Jakarta 12730
Phone: +6221 71794306, +6221 751 2557
Whatsapp: +62-812-9408-8668

KOI Kemang
Jl. Kemang Raya No. 72
South Jakarta
Phone: +6221 7195668
Opening hours: 08.00 – 00.00
Phone: 021 7195668

Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art in Nusantara (MACAN)
AKR Tower Level MM
Jalan Panjang No. 5 Kebon Jeruk, West Jakarta Indonesia
Opening hours: 10.00 – 20.00 on Tue – Sun
Phone: +6221 2212 1888
FB: museummacan
IG: museummacan

Ruangrupa
Jl. Tebet Timur Dalam Raya No.6
South Jakarta 12780
Opening hours: 11.00 – 21.00 on Mon – Sat
Phone: +6221 218304220

ART:1
Art:1 New Museum
Jl. Rajawali Selatan Raya No 3,
Central Jakarta 10720
Opening hours: 10.00 – 18.00 on Tue – Sat, 10.00 – 16.00 on Sun
P: +6221 64700168

Hadiprana Art Gallery
Mitra Hadiprana Boutique Mall, Ground Floor
Jl. Kemang Raya No. 30 Jakarta
South Jakarta 12730
Ph : +6221-7194715/ +6221-7182765

Ciputra Museum at Ciputra Artpreneur
Ciputra World 1, Retail Podium Level 10,
Jalan Profesor Doktor Satrio Kav. 3-5, South Jakarta
Opening hours: 12:00 to 18:00 on Tue – Sun
More information: +6221 29 889 889

Bartele’s Gallery
Mandarin Oriental Hotel
Jalan M.H. Thamrin, Central Jakarta 10310
Opening hours: 11:00 – 20:00, everyday or by appointment
Phone: +62 21 2993 8997

Akili Museum of Art
Mutiara Kedoya, Blok A1-1 JKLM Jakarta 11520
Phone: +6221-581-1212 | +6221-583-01705

Artsphere
Kemang Icon,
Jl. Kemang Raya No. 1 Unit 2, South Jakarta
Opening hours: 11.00 – 18.00, Mon & Sat
Phone: +6221 7199719

Ruci Art Space
Ruci’s Joint
Jl. Suryo No.49, Kebayoran Baru, South Jakarta 12180
Opening hours: 10.00 – 22.00 on Thu – Sun, 10.00 – 00.00 on Fri – Sat
Phone: +62 812-1010-3374
Instagram: Ruci Artspace
Instagram: Ruci’s Joint

Gallery Kemang 58 @MammaRosy Restaurant
Jl. Kemang Raya No. 58
South Jakarta 12720
Phone: +6221 91647959

Edwin’s Gallery
Jl. Kemang Raya No. 21
South Jakarta 12730
Opening hours: 09.00 – 18.00 on Mon – Fri, 09.00 – 17.30 on Sat
Phone: +62 21 7194721, +62 21 71790049

Dia.Lo.Gue
Jl. Kemang Selatan No. 99A
South Jakarta 12730
Phone: +6221 7199 671
Opening hours: 9.30 – 18.00 on Mon – Thurs, 9.30 – 21.-00 on Fri, 9.00 – 21.00 on Sat – Sun
Facebook: dialogueartspace

DUTA Fine Arts
Duta Fine Arts Foundation
Jl. Kemang Utara No. 55A, South Jakarta
Phone: 021 7990226

BIASA ArtSpace
Jl. Kemang Raya 20
South Jakarta 12730
Tel: +6221 71796264

What has been your experience at these museums and galleries? Please do share in the comments below.

Julia-Suryakusuma-Feminist-Mother-and-Author-of-Julias-Jihad-Julia-Suryakusuma-Interview-at-IndoIndians

Why don’t we all be pemangku kehidupan – carriers of life, embrace each other and our differences because that is what makes us Indonesians and what makes us strong‘, Julia Indiati Suryakusuma remarked in her interview with IndoIndians.com.

Julia Indiati Suryakusuma is an Indonesian feminist writer born in New Delhi, India July 19, 1954. As a child of a diplomat, her mind has been enriched with cross-country mobility experience. She is a one of Indonesia’s leading and most outspoken opinion-makers – columnist, author, activist, feminist and cultural critic. She began writing in 1971 and has published many brilliant books such as ‘State Ibuism: the Social Construction of Womanhood in New Order Indonesia’ (1988); ‘Sex, Power and Nation’ (2004), and  ‘Julia’s Jihad’ (2010).

Her feminist stint started from when she was a child –  she was always bothered by things that didn’t seem right. As a girl in an Indonesian household, she could already feel the effects of patriarchy, especially after her brother was born when she suddenly became second-best.

Her mother often accused  her of  wanting to change the world. Even if she didn’t understand what it meant back then, it has always been her life’s mission: to make things better, certainly more just, fair and equitable. As a writer, she had many inspirations throughout her life. Not only her environment and what is happening around her, but also the people around her. ’I am inspired by people all the time. If you adjust the way you look at the world, there are so many miracles in life. I can’t point to one single thing or person because many people inspire me. For example, people who stretch themselves to their full capacity,  or disabled people who can do things that even able-bodied people can’t. That’s inspiring!’

 

Now at 64 years old, Julia looks up to people who are much older than her. Mahathir Muhammad (92), Didi Nirmala (83) and Prof. Saparinah Sadli, her former lecturer, are just some  of them. ‘She [Saparinah Sadli] is 91 years old and she still stands erect and has a hearty laugh. I think old people are my inspiration  now because I just entered my “third act”.  Jane Fonda says that life is made up of 3 phases or acts. The first  and second 30 years, and the third part is 60 onward. Fonda doesn’t see life as a curve: going up,  then down… growing old and becoming decrepit. Instead she sees it as an ascending staircase. You continue developing because she believes in lifelong learning and self-development, as do I.’ Julia also quoted Pablo Picasso who said, “Youth has no age” – meaning, you can be young at heart at any age.

Being a feminist in Indonesia is no easy matter. No doubt that she has experienced negativity and opposition. Yet throughout it all, she has managed to stay extremely positive, ‘Even before I’ve realized it myself, I’ve been accused of being very positive,’ she said laughing.

In addition, she credits Brahma Kumaris for calming her mind and emotions and for providing  guiding principles in her life. ‘They [Brahma Kumaris] really helped me deal with negativity. For example, they teach you  to bless people who give you negativity, so that’s what I try to do. When people get negative, are nasty or mean to me, I bless them.’ Apparently it wasn’t easy in the beginning, but she started at the age of 40, and now  she tries to make it a habit in her life.

Now having done many things during her first and second acts, she looks forward to what the future brings. For one, she is ecstatic about getting older. At her age, she has learned so much that she doesn’t  want to go back to being younger. Getting older meant that she can do similar things she did when she was young but on a higher level because “you are wiser, are not a slave to your emotions, and know what meaningful things to prioritise in life.”  When she was younger, she used to allow herself to be burdened by anger, jealousy, people’s opinions and negativity.  But now she has been able to release that and can use her energy for more positive and creative things . This is important, because, “There is still so much that I wants to do in my life”.

Julia also gave her opinions regarding the recent issues that have plagued Indonesia, namely terrorism and the rise of fundamentalism. ’I think it’s a very challenging time in Indonesia. You could say it’s a convergence of the past, present and future.  20 years ago, in February 1998, we women went to the streets as ‘mothers’ when we demonstrated against exorbitant prices, as well as state violence, as Suara Ibu Peduli (the Voice of Concerned Mothers). Now motherhood has been taken on by female terrorists as a license to kill others and even their own children. It is horrific and completely unimaginable for me. I am heartbroken and have been crying a lot since the recent string of terrorist attacks.  Indonesians are known for being tolerant. Our syncretism is our way of assimilating and blending Islam  into our local culture. Now we  are divided by labels, boxes and sharp divisions of you and us.’

‘We are Indonesian first and foremost so I hope that these challenges will make us open our eyes to the fact that we need to be united against this common threat’, she finally added.

Look out for her column in The Jakarta Post every other Wednesday.

For more information about Julia, you can contact her via:

Twitter: @jihadjulia

Linkedin: https://id.linkedin.com/in/julia-suryakusuma-2ba3b510

 

BK-Dr-Nirmala-Kajaria-Meditation-for-Inner-Peace-Health-and-Prosperity-Didi-Nirmala-at-IndoIndians-Interview

My mission is to share the truth. Many are searching for it, but they haven’t found it. Rather, they are just running behind material wealth, position and everything. So I feel that unless we give the message to everyone in the world, our mission is not complete,’ shared Bramha Kumari Dr Nirmala Kajaria in conversation with Indoindians.

Dr. Nirmala Kajaria is the Director of Brahma Kumari’s Raja Yoga Centres in the Asia Pacific region. Her special area of interest is in the field of self-transformation, personal development and how the human being’s mental process can be enhanced through the accurate method of meditation. Although she was first a medical doctor, her path changed when she finally decided to become a spiritual guru. It was not an easy journey, as there were many challenges along the way.

Even faced with unchartered territories, Dr. Nirmala Kajaria still chose the path of faith, inner peace and God.

Her journey began when she was studying medicine. Growing up in a higher middle class household, medicine was the natural path she took because she wanted to help the poor. Her path to spirituality was sealed when she came across the Brahma Kumaris, who made her realize the benefits of meditation. ‘I liked the meditation part. I realized that meditation could help psychologically and spiritually and most patients who come to doctors are 90% psychosomatic. So I thought why not combine medicine and meditation?’,

This train of thought paved her path for 10 years, when she decided to pursue both fields. ‘I wanted to focus on meditation rather than medicine, because there are many medical doctors especially in Mumbai whereas there were very few spiritual people who can teach meditation. English speaking Brahma Kumaris were especially limited at that time. So I decided that I didn’t mind travelling to many countries at different times according to the needs of the organization,’ she said.

Even with the path she chose to become a spiritual guru, it was not without difficulties and challenges. Her biggest challenge was when she moved from India to UK. Though she studied in English, giving lectures in a new country was very difficult as she hardly spoke in English. Living alone and a difference in culture added the difficulty.

Despite it all, there were many moments of happiness and satisfaction. ‘In some countries, people are thirsty for spiritual knowledge. Even in countries like Australia, there aren’t many gurus around, so they are thirsty for spiritual knowledge. They were searching here and there looking for spirituality, so naturally they were so enthusiastic when they found a source. That transformation and acceptance of spirituality helped me see that my time and energy are not wasted. People are experiencing benefits, ‘she reminisced.

With everything that she has achieved, there were still more on her mind. She was fortunate to have realized God. Now, she would like the whole world to realize God and receive that inner peace, happiness, health and prosperity.

Other than her journey throughout her life, she also shared the secrets to her health. Didi Nirmala, as she is affectionately called,  at 83 years of age, credits her health to good fortune, food habits and meditation. ‘It was my good fortune-because my brothers and sisters died before me. My mother as well, she died at 80 years old. My father, in particular was very strict on on his children on what we can or can’t eat. Being a doctor, I also looked after my health. Meditation contributed to my health, because I don’t have any worries in my life.’

For stressed out individuals, she offers a few words of advice. ‘People are running after their job and physical entertainment, while that only lasts temporarily. I suggest spending at least 1 or 2 hours a day for their own empowerment. And meditation can help that because whichever culture or whatever religion they are most of the people would still pray and remember God. But they are not doing it regularly. Whatever you do, you have to do it regularly.’

She adds, ‘You can put food in your body 3 times a day-why don’t you give food to your mind and meditate at least once a day?’

For those who are interested in Bramha Kumari network or for starting mediators, visit:

Brahma Kumaris
Jalan Cibulan 111/15
Jakarta 12170

Contact: (62) 21 724 6794
[email protected]

Brahma Kumaris
Jl. Agung Permai 7, Blok C15 No: 11
Sunter Agung, Tj. Priok, DKI
Jakarta 14350

Contact: (62) 21 645 8054
(62) 21 6530 2912
[email protected]

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University Admission Plan: Prepare Ahead Tips for Success

By: Yogita Jigar Dhabalia

Most students dream of going to an university and train for a professional life. There is a big difference between just going to any university or to your chosen university. It requires planning get admission to your chosen university, and this process may start as early as middle school. The journey starts from preparing the planning sheet itself.

Remember failing to plan is planning to fail!

There are two main steps for admission:

  • selecting the university and
  • achieving the required criteria of admission.

Both steps are not independent rather they are two sides of the same coin. Let’s explore the various aspects.

  1. Think of career options after completing middle high-school e.g. grade 10. It is important as you will study the next 6 to 8 years learning skills and then spend 30 to 40 years working to and retirement in that field. Discuss with your parents, friends and school seniors, research online and compare the career options with your likes and your core strengths. Find out type of jobs and their locations. With the rapid change in technology, job market changes are very fast now.
  2. Check with few universities, subjects to study for admission, suitable to career options. Discuss with your school seniors to find out more information. Select your senior high-school subjects according to admission criteria. Across various universities, subjects usually remain same for same career options.
  3. University selection. There are many factors to be considered like
  • Specific subjects and combination being offered or available
  • Course duration
  • Location and country
  • Ranking – region and country specific, overall and subject specific
  • Admission criteria – subjects, pass marks or level, reference letters from school teachers, extra-curricular activities, sports and hobbies, social engagement, statement of purpose, resume or curriculum vitae, special admission test, language test, etc.
  • Cost – application fee, annual fee, books, accommodation and food; transport and communication; availability of scholarship, subsidy, assistance. Estimate for the whole duration of course completion.
  • Amateur clubs, societies or forum available for selected profession, sports or hobby of your liking
  • Accommodation and food choice available
  1. Collect the above information and prepare first list of universities of choice.
  • Prepare your basic selection criteria. Based on that, look up the list of universities, ranking tables and short-list around 10 universities.
  • Check the websites of these universities  and drill-down for more information
  • Communicate with the University office by letter, email or phone for more details or clarifications on the information available on internet or obtained by other sources.
  • Visit the university education exhibition or expo.
  • Consult the professional education counsellor.
  • Visit the university and discuss with student and university staff to feel the pulse of real world.
  • Prepare comparison table and input all the information and the findings and compare with your selection criteria. Also include variance and reason for that as all selection criteria may not be fulfilled by all universities. In such case, prioritize your selection criteria.
  • By the time you complete the grade 11, you should have narrowed-down the selection to 3 to 5 universities.
  1. Prepare for admission
  • Study high-school subjects to achieve required marks or grade for each of the subjects.
  • Prepare for the additional admission and language test.
  • Be engaged in extra-curriculum activities as required.
  • Get the application form from the universities you have short-listed
  • Study each section of application form and fill-up. Make a copy of the application form and prepare draft version to avoid writing errors. Other than basic information, there may be section where statement or essay style write-up is required. For such matters, read the question carefully and prepare relevant response.
  • Collect the reference letters as required.
  • Prepare complete application dossier, make application fee and send to University admission office in time.
  1. International students, you have to get the required visa from embassy of that country and need to find out the type and requirement of visa and prepare for that.
  • Passport
  • High-school pass certificate and statement of subjects marks
  • Language test certificate
  • Bank statement with sufficient fund to cover at-least one year of study
  • Police record from each of countries you lived and citizen
  • Parent or Guardian consent letter
  • University Admission letter
  • Application form for particular visa type
  • Visa fee and payment method
  • Certified translated copies of above if they are in different language
  • Notarized or apostle copy of any particular document – police record, high-school pass certificate and statement of marks
  • Accommodation arrangement
  • Visa issue duration from application acceptance
  • Visa renewal requirement – annual or multi-year
  • Any other specified by embassy
  1. Resources

Few of the university ranking websites are listed below. Country and subject specific university listing websites are also available.

By: Yogita Jigar Dhabalia

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Wishing you a peace and grace during the sacred month on Ramadan, The Indoindians weekly newsletter features Cookery Demo Recipes, Painting Competition Winners & More…

All the recipes from the collaborative What’s Up Chef cookery demo are now available on the site. Thank you Shanthi Seshadari, Ritu Agarwal and Sonal Sadarangani for sharing and Jyoti Chawla for organizing this event.

Win a 10 day trip to India – Participate in logo competition by Indian and Indonesian Embassy to commemorate 70 years of diplomatic relations.

And the winners of the Indoindians Children’s Onsite Painting Competition are:
Category 1: Age 6 yrs – 10 yrs
1st Prize Winner: Sahil Chowdhry (10 Years Old)
2nd Prize Winner: Riddhi Kothari (9 Years Old)
Honourable Mention: Anika Goel (10 Years Old)

Category 2: Age 11 yrs – 16 yrs
1st Prize Winner: Vedika Maheshwari (13 Years Old)
2nd Prize Winner: Kshitij Jain (11 Years Old)
Honourable Mention: Nidhi Jayaraman (15 years Old)

This week’s Indoindians newsletter online here >>

Warm Regards,
IndoIndians Team

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why-do-people-fast-during-ramadan-ramadan-illustration

To Muslims residing in Indonesia, Ramadan is a very special month. It is held for 30 days to commemorate the Quran’s first revelation to the Prophet Muhammad. This is an important event for Muslims, and many wonder why fasting is the method of prayer for Muslims.

First of all, it is important because this is the month that God bestowed the Quran to Muhammad. Moreover, this is believed to be the month when the entrance to heavens are wide open while the entrance to hell is closed. It is also believed that demons are chained, therefore they are less likely to tempt humans to sin.

Second, Ramadan is recorded as one of the Five Pillars of Islam, which is believed to be one of the foundations of Muslim life. Fasting during Ramadan is hence a necessary form of prayer. During this sacred month Muslims are expected to detach from worldly pleasures and focus on their prayers.

Third, the act of fasting and experiencing starvation constantly reminds Muslims to be grateful of God blessings they receive on a daily basis. Fasting reminds us that there are many people in this world who experience starvation on a daily basis or die out of starvation. Zakat (or donating) is one of the pillars of Islam, which is why many people donate much more to underprivileged people and orphans during the month of Ramadan.

why-do-people-fast-in-ramadan-donating-to-the-underprivileged-and-orphans

Not only are Muslims prohibited from eating and drinking during the day, but they are also prohibited to do certain activities during the day. Behaviors that are not allowed include losing one’s temper, becoming angry, gossiping, lying, fornicating, gambling and backbiting. In essence, people who fast during the holy month not only stop themselves from eating and drinking in the day, but also cleanse their souls of any sins.

For these reasons, fasting month is incredibly important in Indonesia and the motivation to fast, pray to ‘Allah’, give back to charity and refrain from doing the things they usually do. After Ramadan, people usually feel an immense sense of loss and sadness for the end of a religious celebration.

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On June 15, 2018 Muslims in Indonesia and throughout the world started their annual fast that takes place during the month of Ramadan, the ninth month of the Muslim calendar. According to the Muslim Hijrah calendar the year is made up of twelve lunar months lasting 29 or 30 days. It is about eleven days shorter than the Gregorian calendar. Therefore, Ramadhan moves through all months of the year taking about 33 years to complete the cycle.

During Ramadhan Muslims must refrain from eating, drinking, smoking and sexual relations between sunrise and sunset. It is believed that fasting heightens spirituality and develops self-control. Each day a special effort is made to say the five daily prayers. The morning prayer is said after sahur, the pre-dawn meal and the fast is broken at sunset.

The end of Ramadhan is a joyous occasion called Idul Fitri, commonly referred to as Lebaran in Indonesia, and is celebrated with special prayers, feasts, sweets and gift giving to celebrate the successful completion of the fasting month. The Arabic meaning of Idul Fitri is “becoming holy again”. Lebaran is a public holiday all over Indonesia, and in 2018 the holidays are expected to fall on June 11-19. The exact date is determined by the sighting of the new moon indicating the beginning of the tenth month Syawal. The government makes an official announcement on the eve of Ramadhan and Idul Fitri so that the faithful know when to begin and end the fasting month. Three additional days, June 11-12, & June 19, have been proclaimed as “Collective Leave”, which means that offices are closed and employees take these days off as part of their annual leave.

You will notice a growing excitement amongst your Muslim friends, colleagues and staff as Lebaran approaches and they make plans for their special celebration. A government regulation requires that a one month bonus be paid to all household staff and salaried employees prior to the holidays. This bonus should be given a couple of weeks before Lebaran in order to allow them plenty of time to buy new clothes, gifts and special treats to take home for their relatives in the village. If your household staff have worked for you for only part of the year the bonus given may be pro rata, however if you are happy with your staff it is a good idea to be generous in determining the amount that you give them in order to create goodwill.

Muslims traditionally give charity donations at Ramadhan for distribution to the poor and needy at Lebaran. The obligatory poor tax called zakat that is paid by Muslims should total 2.5% of one’s income. Zakat is paid to charitable organizations, neighborhood groups or through direct distribution to the poor and needy in the neighborhood. There are likely to be more beggars than usual in the streets of Jakarta during Ramadhan in order to benefit from this tradition.

This is the time of year when Muslims usually buy new clothes and various civic, charitable neighborhood organizations will hold pasar amal or sales of goods, especially clothing at discounted prices to help the poor celebrate the holidays with new clothing and special foods. For the wealthy, Lebaran is a time to show off their newest fashionable Muslim apparel.

Business colleagues or associates may deliver elaborately decorated parcels to Muslims in the week prior to Lebaran. They are usually arranged in a rattan or wood basket and contain food, small household appliances or dishes.

Shops throughout the city sell greeting cards, which many people send to their Muslim friends. Designs of Lebaran cards should not depict people or animals thus geometric designs, mosques, traditional textiles or ketupat (traditional Lebaran food) are common. Many cards have the date of 1 Syawal 14_ H written on the card. You need to fill in the appropriate year in the space. In 2015 the Hijrah year will be 1436. The greeting inside Lebaran cards is usually: “Selamat Hari Raya Idul Fitri Maaf lahir dan batin”

This means: “Happy Idul Fitri. I am sorry from the bottom of my heart for my wrong doings in the past year.” It is becoming increasingly common to use more modern forms of greeting, in particular text messages via hand phones.

You will notice a growing excitement amongst your Muslim friends, colleagues and staff as Lebaran approaches and they make plans for their special celebration. A government regulation requires that a one month bonus be paid to all household staff and salaried employees prior to the holidays. This bonus should be given a couple of weeks before Lebaran in order to allow them plenty of time to buy new clothes, gifts and special treats to take home for their relatives in the village. If Just prior to Lebaran a mass exodus from Jakarta of over 5 million people occurs as residents return to their villages and hometowns to celebrate with family and friends bearing gifts or money earned during the previous year. This is a strongly held tradition and travelers happily endure a lot of hardships and inconveniences in overcrowded cars, buses and trains often with inflated prices. The logistics of this exodus cause headaches for the government each year. During the Lebaran period Jakarta’s main streets are surprisingly empty.

Depending on where their homes are, your household staff will want to take one to two weeks off at Lebaran to visit their family in the village and you’ll be left to cope without a cook, maid, gardener and driver. You can ask your staff members to arrange to stagger their time off so that you will have at least one staff member available at all times, except for the two days of Idul Fitri. It’s difficult to schedule your own travel in Indonesia at this time as all forms of transport are heavily booked well in advance.

During the month of Ramadan traditional bedug drums are beaten at sunset for the maghrib prayers and to notify the faithful that it is time to break the fast. On the evening of the last day of Ramadhan they are also beaten in the takbiran celebrations, either in stationary locations, or in parades through the streets and this may go on all through the night. Takbiran is the prayer celebration heralding the Idul Fitri holiday.

Idul Fitri begins with mass prayer gatherings early in the morning at mosques and large open areas around the country. On the walk home from the prayer, quick visits are made to greet friends in the neighborhood. Visits are made to the graves of deceased family members to pay respects, clean the graves and leave flowers. This is also done just prior to the start of Ramadhan but not during the fasting month.

Later in the day, with everyone dressed in their new clothes, visits are made to close family members around town, starting with one’s parents. At each house drinks and cookies or snacks are served until you can hardly eat any more. These customs may entail several days of visiting relatives and often there will be a gathering of family members at the senior-most relative’s house. Many people also take the opportunity of the Lebaran holiday to visit recreational parks.

Lebaran is a joyous time for mutual forgiveness when pardon is asked for all wrongs done during the past year. Begging of forgiveness for any transgressions or slights in the past year is expressed during visits with the words Mohon maaf lahir dan batin. In traditional Javanese families the younger person kneels and bows their head to the elders’ knees and asks for forgiveness demonstrating the respect given by young people to the family elders.

Special dishes are traditionally served to celebrate Lebaran, in particular ketupat or compressed rice cooked in a rhomboid shaped casing made of young coconut fronds that are still light green in color. Intricately woven by nimble fingered experts who can complete the weaving in a few seconds, the empty casings are sold to the public in bunches at traditional markets. The casings are filled with uncooked rice then steamed and left to cool. The coconut leaf casing gives a special flavor to the rice. The ketupat is cut open, removed from the casing and cut into small chunks. It is served with various accompanying dishes usually chicken, meat and vegetables cooked in spicy coconut milk, such as opor ayam (mild chicken curry) and sambal goreng (vegetables with chilies in coconut milk).

During the weeks after Lebaran many groups hold halal bihalal gatherings where employees from a company, friends, colleagues or members of an organization gather to share a meal and ask each other’s forgiveness. Non-Muslims are often invited to participate in these gatherings also. The celebration of Lebaran is a very special occasion for Muslims that they are looking forward to now with great anticipation.

Provided by: Colliers International

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Ten Tips for Traveling with children
1. Buy trip cancellation insurance. Most airline tickets are non-refundable even with a medical note.
2. Pack at least two days worth of formula and diapers in your carry-on.
3. Bring lots of goodies-old and new! Make that trip to Toys-R-Us.
4. Try to request the bulkhead-lately an impossibility!
5. Schedule flights to coincide with your child nap or bedtime.
6. Get the hotel to supply as much as possible such as a crib and possibly a stroller.
7. Bring your own crib sheets and blankets. Most hotels provide crib sheets. They use regular sheets folded numerous times!
8. Book babysitters in advance, particularly at holiday times.
9. Pack snacks. Many flights no longer have meal service.
10. Bring your own infant seat for the plane. If there is an empty seat, the airline will gladly allow you to use it

Most Important-RELAX!
Children sense fear and stress all too quickly!

 

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Indoindians - India Club Children’s Painting Competition

Indoindians invited children 6yrs to 16 yrs to participate in our third painting competition to express their artistic impression on the topics

  1. Beautiful Green Indonesia
  2. State of Nature: Past, Present and Future
  3. The Amazing Underwater World

First Prize: Rp 1 million

Second prize: Rp 500,000/-

Finally, …..here are the winners for the Children’s Onsite Painting Competition:

Category 1: Age 6 yrs – 10 yrs

1st Prize Winner: Sahil Chowdhry (10 Years Old)

2nd Prize Winner: Riddhi Kothari (9 Years Old)

Honourable Mention: Anika Goel (10 Years Old)

 

Category 2: Age 11 yrs – 16 yrs

1st Prize Winner: Vedika Maheshwari (13 Years Old)

2nd Prize Winner: Kshitij Jain (11 Years Old)

Honourable Mention: Nidhi Jayaraman (15 years Old)

 

Individual awards for each category will be presented at the India Club Talent nite in Sept 2018:

First Prize: Rp 1 million

Second prize: Rp 500,000/-

 

We hope all the children had a wonderful time at the Indoindians onsite painting competition. The winners shall be announced on Indoindians website, FB and via personal email.

Prizes will be given out during the India Club Talent Nite in September.

Children are invited to join this on-site Painting competition. Participants must bring their own art supplies and the art paper will be provided at the site.

This event is in conjunction with Indian property expo and parents are invited to attend the expo and stay for lunch, sponsored by the Indian property expo.

 Date | Time: Sunday, 29th April, 2 pm to 4 pm after lunch ( sponsored by the Indian property expo)

 Venue: Ballroom, Hotel Manhattan, Kuningan, Jakarta

For more details call Dias at +6221-5228775 / +62 838-9876-7093

Remarks:

  1. All the works received in Children on-site Painting Competition, prize-winning or not, remain the property if the organizer which may use them for whatever purpose within its own activities. The organizer reserves the copyright.
  2. The grant of the above mentioned rights shall not entail an obligation to pay compensation to the participant.
  3. Each work should have only one author, collective works will not be accepted.
  4. The jury is composed of India Club Committee.
  5. The organizer reserves the right of final interpretation of any disputes arising from these rules and reserves the right to change the rules without prior notification.
  6. This competition is only for NRIs and PIO members of Indoindians